Despite government claims to the contrary, the security situation in southern Kyrgyzstan remains volatile and unstable. The Uzbek population does not trust the security forces of Kyrgyzstan who have proved unable to protect them and have been accused of collusion in killings and lootings.
The deadly violence is said to have started with clashes between rival gangs of mostly Kyrgyz and Uzbek youths on 10 June and rapidly escalated, reportedly leaving more than 2,000 people dead and thousands injured.
Around 400,000 people are reported to have fled their homes and about 100,000 are believed to have fled to Uzbekistan.
According to satellite images assessed by the UN Institute for Training and Research, 1,807 buildings in Osh have been “totally destroyed” and others have been severely damaged.
Amnesty International has been told that refugees were forced onto buses to Kyrgyzstan by refugee camp officers and Uzbekistani security forces in the Pakhtaabad district in Uzbekistan.